PR in India is developing at a rapid pace, given the booming economy and a vibrant media landscape. Adapting to the Indian business culture and consumer behaviour is crucial, though, and there are new challenges every day resulting from the cultural differences within the country and its many languages.
1. Are there PR practices in which you think your region differs from PR in other parts of the world?
XP: India is very different as one city here could be as large as a European country. Then you have multiple local languages which vary from region to region. Not to mention media behavior, which varies from one metropolis to another. To top it all we have one of the most democratic media in the world (that is increasingly getting commercial) which is absolutely non-regulated. We see a lot of European and Japanese companies struggling with this and often they are trying to replicate here what was successful elsewhere. Korean and American companies are slightly better though they have had their blushes.
Celebrity culture is catching up in India, reality shows are the latest chart busters and there is a genre emerging called reality show stars. The money is big even by global standards, attracting overseas celebrities as well. Brands using them for PR have leaped as well but it has its own challenges as often the fees charged by these celebs are very high, and it sometimes becomes a challenge to get decent ROI even with a good media coverage. Not to mention the brand getting lost and the celebrity getting all the prominence.
PR in India is definitely getting more sophisticated, and increasingly you will find many PR firms in India operating the way agencies in UK or US would do, except for cultural and language differences.
2. Can you describe common mistakes foreign companies make?
XP: It is a different market and you just need to adapt to it and spend time understanding it. Too many companies come here thinking they will be successful here just because they have been successful in 55 other markets.
The market dynamics as well as behaviour and customs of Indian consumers are significantly different, which is another facet that is often not understood or even an attempt made to do so.
Large parts of the Indian market are value driven; people want quality at the best price and they are used to getting what they want. Successful companies develop products specifically for the Indian market, while the laggards try to bring their existing products to India.
The Indian market is also a mix of extremes. We have the poorest of the poor who don’t come into the consuming class and the richest of the rich – one of our tycoons is just moving into a $1 billion 22 storeyed tower he has constructed to live for him and his family. We also have a strong middle class which forms the primary target for most brands. That means, you need to have a customized strategy depending on which audience you are addressing here. There is not one India; there are multiple Indias within the boundaries of our country.
Additionally, urban India which most visitors see is not the real India. Meeting well-educated Indians dressed in western style in five star hotels in the major cities is just the surface – this is not the “real” India. Often many of them are kind of “alien” to Indians as well, and fail to understand what this vast, complex country and market is all about.
Finally, with Indian companies now becoming global leaders, investment flowing outward as much as inward and a lot of Indian executives making it big globally, it is a level playing field where we look at a company coming in to give and take. It’s simply not to be one sided. I recall one of the European country’s ambassadors in India telling me candidly that gone are the days when their executives used to fly to India and talk arrogantly since they brought in investment. Today, they are being coached to change their approach as it is now the other way round: now it’s their companies that need the Indian market or international investment.
3. What do clients from other markets need to keep in mind when they plan to do PR in your region?
XP: Come with an open mind and be willing to be out of the box. The chaos of India has only led to millions of entrepreneurs blooming, seeing it as an opportunity and thriving in it to create one of the most dynamic economies of the world today. So don’t be deterred by it.
It is not a place where you can take everything for granted but it is slowly getting there. But it is a market that is changing the rules head on and one of the most dynamic markets in the world. Being born and living here, it is difficult to us to fathom the change that is happening all around us at such fast pace. Just imagine the plight of those from outside.
It is fun, take it in your stride and enjoy the ride. You will never regret it nor will your company or brand.
Next week our PR series will visit Denmark, where the web increasingly dominates media work, and CSR offers new opportunities for corporate entities and PR agencies alike.
Xavier Prabhu is the Founder and Chief Mentor of Businesshubs, a fledging branding and communication group with three brands under it: PRHUB (a full services PR firm which is a medium sized agency in the Indian context with dynamic growth), MindSpark (a graphic and interactive design firm) and DialogueS (online and social media support). He is a Board member of one of the largest B-schools in India and is a frequent speaker on topics like branding, marketing communication, PR, social media both in India and overseas. PRHUB, the group’s flagship brand was ranked by Holmes Report as one of the emerging firms out of Asia and ranked by a social media site as Top 2 in HR in India. Xavier regularly writes articles for leading media on various topics and will soon host a chat show in a regional TV channel in India on secrets of successful entrepreneurs. Off work, he loves being father to his two children, traveling, reading and writing.